Acceleration increases a little more than expected. Inflation reached 6.3% over one year in France in February, driven by soaring food prices, which have become its main driver ahead of energy, according to a final estimate revised slightly higher on Wednesday March 15 by the ‘Insee.
The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies had previously estimated the rise in consumer prices at 6.2% over one year in February, which already marked an acceleration compared to January (6%).
“This rise in inflation is due to the acceleration in food prices”, which jumped 14.8% over one year (after 13.3% in January), he detailed in a press release. Both fresh products (15%), especially vegetables and fruits, and non-fresh products (14.8%), such as bread, cereals, meat, sugar, jam, chocolate or drinks , are affected by this trend.
The prices of services (3% after 2.6%) – catering, accommodation, transport, rents, etc. – and manufactured products (4.7% after 4.5%), such as furniture and toys, also continued to rise.
Slowdown in energy prices
Conversely, energy prices slowed (14.1% after 16.3% in January), mainly due to a slowdown in petroleum products and gas. Those of electricity, on the other hand, were driven by the capped increase in regulated tariffs.
Core inflation, which excludes the most volatile elements, such as energy and certain food products, and thus makes it possible to identify an underlying trend in price movements, rose to 6.1% on one year in February, after 5.6% in January.
Since the increase in consumer prices, under the effect of the disruptions in post-Covid supply chains, then the war in Ukraine, the inflation rate has returned to levels not seen since the 1980s. It should gradually decline to 5% in June, INSEE predicted at the beginning of February. The Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices (HICP), used for Europe-wide comparisons, stood at 7.3% year on year in February, down from 7% in January.